Category: Community

What Does “External Fixation” Mean in Orthopaedics?

Image of Dr. Boyd Haynes

Boyd W. Haynes III, MD External Fixation is a term that references a method for temporarily stabilizing fractured bones outside the body, typically using pins, wires, screws, rods, etc.  This stabilization technique is often used when the patient has been badly injured where other, more severe, life-threatening injuries must be treated first, or where the… Read more »

What is a Segmental Fracture and How is it Treated?

Dr. Boyd Haynes, III

Boyd W. Haynes III, MD A segmental fracture is one where there are at least two fracture lines in a bone and a “segment” of separated bone in-between those fracture lines. Sometimes these medical definitions make sense!   They typically happen in the long bones of the arms and legs but can happen elsewhere in the… Read more »

What is Serotonin? Part I

Dr. Jenny Andrus

Jenny L. F. Andrus, MD You may have heard or read about serotonin and its role in the regulation of depression and mood in the human brain. However, this miracle neurotransmitter and hormone plays an important role in quite a few brain functions and bodily functions.  When it is well balanced, we typically feel good. … Read more »

What is a Greenstick Fracture and How is it Treated?

Robert J. Snyder, MD Bone fractures are commonplace and are my workplace stock and trade.  There are many types of fractures, different mechanisms that cause them and different presentations. In this article, I will discuss the greenstick fracture, how it is caused, its symptoms, how it is diagnosed and how it is treated. Have you… Read more »

What are Neurotransmitters?

Jenny L. F. Andrus, MD There are certain chemical compounds in our body that allow us to live, breathe, walk, talk, think, and enjoy life as we know it – without them we would not be able to function.  These wonder substances are called neurotransmitters (NTs) and they really are the juice that runs the… Read more »

Bone Fractures

Dr .Joel Stewart

Joel D. Stewart, MD One of the first things you learn as a physician in Orthopaedics is how to repair or fix fractured bones.  In medical lingo, we call this “reduction”.  In this article, I’m going to discuss the ten types of fractures and how they are classified by mechanism of injury and description.  They… Read more »

Complete Dislocation Fracture of the Cervical Spine – Part I -What is it?

Dr. Mark McFarland

Mark W. McFarland, DO Most people are aware of basic spine anatomy – how the bones of the spine sit atop one another, sandwiched between cushiony discs filled with watery gel that act as shock absorbers.  These vertebrae, and the attached muscles and ligaments give us amazing strength and stability to lift heavy weights and… Read more »

What is Visceral Pain?

Dr. Sureja

Raj N. Sureja, MD As an Interventional Pain Management Physician, I treat patients who suffer from chronic pain.  Pain is a very complex phenomenon, and it involves not only physiological aspects of the body, but also emotional, psychological and psychosocial as well.  As with medical conditions and diseases, there are different types of pain, from… Read more »

What is a Comminuted Fracture and How is it Treated?

Dr. Burrow demonstrating the knee to a patient

John D. Burrow, DO One of the more complicated types of bone fracture to treat is the comminuted fracture.  This is where the bone breaks into three or more pieces, typically caused by a high-force accident or trauma, such as a fall from a height, a motor vehicle crash, or a contact sports injury.  Often… Read more »

What is a Burst (Axial) Fracture of the Spine?

Mark W. McFarland, MD One of the first things you learn in medical school is that human bones can withstand lots of punishment, but they also can break in a lot of different ways.  Spinal bones (vertebrae) tend to break in specific ways, and some can be more serious than others.  In this article, I’m… Read more »