Category: Community

What is a Greenstick Fracture and How is it Treated?

Robert J. Snyder, MD Bone fractures are commonplace and are my workplace stock and trade.  There are many types of fractures, different mechanisms that cause them and different presentations. In this article, I will discuss the greenstick fracture, how it is caused, its symptoms, how it is diagnosed and how it is treated. Have you… Read more »

What are Neurotransmitters?

Jenny L. F. Andrus, MD There are certain chemical compounds in our body that allow us to live, breathe, walk, talk, think, and enjoy life as we know it – without them we would not be able to function.  These wonder substances are called neurotransmitters (NTs) and they really are the juice that runs the… Read more »

Bone Fractures

Dr .Joel Stewart

Joel D. Stewart, MD One of the first things you learn as a physician in Orthopaedics is how to repair or fix fractured bones.  In medical lingo, we call this “reduction”.  In this article, I’m going to discuss the ten types of fractures and how they are classified by mechanism of injury and description.  They… Read more »

Complete Dislocation Fracture of the Cervical Spine – Part I -What is it?

Dr. Mark McFarland

Mark W. McFarland, DO Most people are aware of basic spine anatomy – how the bones of the spine sit atop one another, sandwiched between cushiony discs filled with watery gel that act as shock absorbers.  These vertebrae, and the attached muscles and ligaments give us amazing strength and stability to lift heavy weights and… Read more »

What is Visceral Pain?

Dr. Sureja

Raj N. Sureja, MD As an Interventional Pain Management Physician, I treat patients who suffer from chronic pain.  Pain is a very complex phenomenon, and it involves not only physiological aspects of the body, but also emotional, psychological and psychosocial as well.  As with medical conditions and diseases, there are different types of pain, from… Read more »

What is a Comminuted Fracture and How is it Treated?

Dr. Burrow demonstrating the knee to a patient

John D. Burrow, DO One of the more complicated types of bone fracture to treat is the comminuted fracture.  This is where the bone breaks into three or more pieces, typically caused by a high-force accident or trauma, such as a fall from a height, a motor vehicle crash, or a contact sports injury.  Often… Read more »

What is a Burst (Axial) Fracture of the Spine?

Mark W. McFarland, MD One of the first things you learn in medical school is that human bones can withstand lots of punishment, but they also can break in a lot of different ways.  Spinal bones (vertebrae) tend to break in specific ways, and some can be more serious than others.  In this article, I’m… Read more »

Pain and the Brain

Andrew L. Martin, PsyD We still have a lot to learn about the complex relationship between pain and the brain, but our understanding is improving. My colleagues, Drs. Jenny Andrus and Raj Sureja are addressing the physical aspects of pain in a series of articles they are currently writing. I’d like to provide some insight… Read more »

Advancing Technology to Spine Surgery

Dr. Jeffrey Carlson

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD, CPE Since its beginning, spine surgery has been a very technologically advanced specialty.  Surgery that involves such precision and delicacy in surgical skills and the confidence in one’s decision making to improve a patient’s neck or lower back function while working around the spinal cord and nerves has always been at… Read more »

What is Orthopaedic or Skeletal Traction and Why is it Used?

Boyd W. Haynes III, MD If you are near my age, can you remember how TV showed patients with broken bones?  They were all in the hospital, lying in a bed, with pins through their limbs, in traction.  That was the reality, too.  Forty to fifty years ago, we didn’t have the technology, instrumentation, anesthesia,… Read more »