Category: Dr. Emily A. Ludwig

Biofeedback for Chronic Pain

Emily A. Ludwig, PsyD As a Psychologist trained to help patients who suffer with the emotional effects of Chronic Pain, I employ a variety of methods to bring healing. Biofeedback is an important self-help tool that patients learn to use whenever they are feeling stressed, painful or otherwise need to reconnect their mind and body…. Read more »

When is Aversion Therapy Appropriate?

Emily A. Ludwig, PsyD Aversion Therapy is a form of behavior modification used to help individuals reduce or stop detrimental behaviors, by associating those behaviors with discomfort or punishment, such as a pain sensation, a bad taste, smell; or an electric shock.  Over time, the individual is conditioned to believe that doing the disagreeable behavior… Read more »