Category: Medical Psychology

What are Neurotransmitters?

Jenny L. F. Andrus, MD There are certain chemical compounds in our body that allow us to live, breathe, walk, talk, think, and enjoy life as we know it – without them we would not be able to function.  These wonder substances are called neurotransmitters (NTs) and they really are the juice that runs the… Read more »

Pain and the Brain

Andrew L. Martin, PsyD We still have a lot to learn about the complex relationship between pain and the brain, but our understanding is improving. My colleagues, Drs. Jenny Andrus and Raj Sureja are addressing the physical aspects of pain in a series of articles they are currently writing. I’d like to provide some insight… Read more »

I have a Spinal Cord Stimulator – What are my Limitations?

Raj N. Sureja, MD The use of Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) or Neuromodulation has been a life changer for hundreds of thousands of individuals around the world – providing pain relief and a return to a better quality of life when medications, interventional procedures and even surgery may have failed.  While there have been innumerable… Read more »

What Factors Impact the Success of a Spinal Cord Stimulator Implantation? 

Jenny L. F. Andrus, MD  A Spinal Cord Stimulator (SCS) or Neuromodulator is an effective device used by Interventional Pain Management Physicians for treating intractable chronic pain that has not responded to other conventional treatments, including surgery. In my practice, I have witnessed first-hand just how miraculous the results can be for some chronic pain… Read more »

Post-Traumatic Stress – Treatment

Andrew L. Martin, PsyD This is the third article in a series (https://www.osc-ortho.com/blog/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-an-introduction/) on posttraumatic stress, or PTS. In this article, we explore how psychotherapists treat PTS. Providers begin treating PTS with a psychological evaluation or interview. Your provider needs to know you and your goals well in order to help you best. Next, your… Read more »

Having Chronic Pain in the Rear is No Joke – Causes & Symptoms

Jenny L. F. Andrus, MD As an Interventional Pain Management Specialist, I see patients who have every type of pain imaginable and do my best to diagnose and treat the root cause of their pain.  Some patients have issues with chronic pain in their pelvis, tailbones, rectums, or reproductive systems due to illness, trauma, cancer… Read more »

Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome – How it Happens

Andrew L. Martin, PsyD This is the second article in a series on post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. In this article we explore how post-traumatic stress symptoms might develop after a traumatic event.   PTSD symptoms develop when there is a mismatch between two things – 1) the way our mind sees the world; and 2)… Read more »

Treatments for Polyneuropathy

Jenny L. F. Andrus, MD In the past few articles, I have addressed that polyneuropathy can be caused by a variety of underlying conditions or for idiopathic (unknown) reasons.  For that reason, I typically will work in concert with the patient, other physicians, including the Primary Care physician, and perhaps other specialists, depending on the… Read more »

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – An Introduction

Andrew L. Martin, PsyD After retiring from the military, I thought I would see fewer patients with posttraumatic stress, but I’m actually seeing a lot more. I think there are a few of reasons for this. First, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought with it numerous traumatic experiences, such as loss of loved ones, serious personal… Read more »

Pain Conditions Seen More Commonly in Women

Jenny L. F. Andrus. MD In my practice as an Interventional Pain Management Specialist, I can attest to the fact that I see more women than men for the treatment of chronic pain.  Research also tells us that women are disproportionately affected by pain conditions more often than men.  Even more concerning is they often… Read more »