Category: Orthopedics

Kyphosis FAQs

Mark W. McFarland, DO Doesn’t everyone have curves in their spine? Absolutely.  A normal spine has several shallow alternating curves, which helps it to balance the weight of the head, and evenly distribute the weight of the body in alignment from the shoulders to the hips, knees and feet. What is Kyphosis? This medical term… Read more »

Untreated Bone Fractures – Finally, The Treatment – Part III

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD CPE In the last two articles, I’ve reviewed the reasons why bone fracture can go untreated and what happens to the human body as a result.  In this last segment, I will address what can be done for those fractures that are finally given proper medical attention. Non-union – this means… Read more »

Untreated Bone Fractures – The Results – Part II

Dr. Jeffrey Carlson

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD CPE In Part I, I discussed how frequently bone fractures occur and surprisingly, can remain untreated.  In this second article of the series, I will discuss the how the human body responds when a bone fracture is left untreated, how it tries to heal itself and compensate for the injury. If a… Read more »

Why is a Tourniquet Used in Knee Joint Replacement Surgeries?

Total joint replacement

Boyd W. Haynes III, MD Everyone knows that a tourniquet reduces or completely restricts blood flow.  We all learned that watching TV westerns, like Gunsmoke. Expendable guest stars regularly got bitten by the token diamondback rattler while crossing through Death Valley. They quickly tied on a tourniquet to slow the venom’s progress through the bloodstream… Read more »

How Untreated Bone Fractures Occur – Part I

Dr. Carlson in the operating room

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD, CPE It may be hard to imagine that someone would have a bone fracture and not seek appropriate medical treatment or that it could be missed by a practitioner during an exam.  However, this happens more often than you might think.  In three articles, I’ll detail the reasons why broken bones… Read more »

Vascular vs. Neurogenic Claudication

Dr. Carlson in dark suit jacket

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD, CPE (Originally published in Hampton Roads Physicians’ Magazine) When muscles don’t get enough blood flow due to obstructed arteries, cramping pain can result simply from walking or using one’s arms. Vascular claudication (VC) is a condition typically caused by peripheral artery disease and is a debilitating problem that worsens over time…. Read more »

Cervical Dislocation Fracture – Part IV – Rehabilitation and Life After Injury

Mark W. McFarland, DO After the emergent phase of injury and the immediacy of treating life-threatening injuries, after the surgeries have been performed and the subsequent acceptance of a new way of life, comes the challenge – living life after a cervical dislocation fracture.  In this article, I’d like to address those realities, but also… Read more »

Cervical Dislocation Fracture – Part Three – Urgent Treatment

Mark McFarland, MD

Mark W. McFarland, DO What happens to the patient from the scene of the accident, during transport to the hospital and after they make it to the hospital trauma unit?  In this article, I’ll talk about treatment for this type of cervical fracture and how we start to put the pieces back together for the… Read more »

What Does “External Fixation” Mean in Orthopaedics?

Image of Dr. Boyd Haynes

Boyd W. Haynes III, MD External Fixation is a term that references a method for temporarily stabilizing fractured bones outside the body, typically using pins, wires, screws, rods, etc.  This stabilization technique is often used when the patient has been badly injured where other, more severe, life-threatening injuries must be treated first, or where the… Read more »

What is a Segmental Fracture and How is it Treated?

Dr. Boyd Haynes, III

Boyd W. Haynes III, MD A segmental fracture is one where there are at least two fracture lines in a bone and a “segment” of separated bone in-between those fracture lines. Sometimes these medical definitions make sense!   They typically happen in the long bones of the arms and legs but can happen elsewhere in the… Read more »