Category: X-Ray

What Does “External Fixation” Mean in Orthopaedics?

Image of Dr. Boyd Haynes

Boyd W. Haynes III, MD External Fixation is a term that references a method for temporarily stabilizing fractured bones outside the body, typically using pins, wires, screws, rods, etc.  This stabilization technique is often used when the patient has been badly injured where other, more severe, life-threatening injuries must be treated first, or where the… Read more »

What is a Segmental Fracture and How is it Treated?

Dr. Boyd Haynes, III

Boyd W. Haynes III, MD A segmental fracture is one where there are at least two fracture lines in a bone and a “segment” of separated bone in-between those fracture lines. Sometimes these medical definitions make sense!   They typically happen in the long bones of the arms and legs but can happen elsewhere in the… Read more »

What is a Greenstick Fracture and How is it Treated?

Robert J. Snyder, MD Bone fractures are commonplace and are my workplace stock and trade.  There are many types of fractures, different mechanisms that cause them and different presentations. In this article, I will discuss the greenstick fracture, how it is caused, its symptoms, how it is diagnosed and how it is treated. Have you… Read more »

Cervical Dislocation Fracture – Part II – The Symptoms

Mark W. McFarland, DO In part one of this article series, we discussed what a cervical dislocation fracture is, how it can happen and exactly how serious of an injury it can be.  In part two, I’d like to discuss the symptoms of a cervical dislocation fracture and how a tiny distance can make a… Read more »

Complete Dislocation Fracture of the Cervical Spine – Part I -What is it?

Dr. Mark McFarland

Mark W. McFarland, DO Most people are aware of basic spine anatomy – how the bones of the spine sit atop one another, sandwiched between cushiony discs filled with watery gel that act as shock absorbers.  These vertebrae, and the attached muscles and ligaments give us amazing strength and stability to lift heavy weights and… Read more »

What is a Comminuted Fracture and How is it Treated?

Dr. Burrow demonstrating the knee to a patient

John D. Burrow, DO One of the more complicated types of bone fracture to treat is the comminuted fracture.  This is where the bone breaks into three or more pieces, typically caused by a high-force accident or trauma, such as a fall from a height, a motor vehicle crash, or a contact sports injury.  Often… Read more »

Transverse Process Fracture of the Spine

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD, CPE Most of you are familiar enough with human anatomy to know that the spine has bones called vertebrae that are stacked upon one another, sandwiched between vertebral discs that help us walk upright, bear our weight, bend, and even let us perform gymnastics if necessary. However, many people don’t know… Read more »

What is a Burst (Axial) Fracture of the Spine?

Mark W. McFarland, MD One of the first things you learn in medical school is that human bones can withstand lots of punishment, but they also can break in a lot of different ways.  Spinal bones (vertebrae) tend to break in specific ways, and some can be more serious than others.  In this article, I’m… Read more »

Advancing Technology to Spine Surgery

Dr. Jeffrey Carlson

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD, CPE Since its beginning, spine surgery has been a very technologically advanced specialty.  Surgery that involves such precision and delicacy in surgical skills and the confidence in one’s decision making to improve a patient’s neck or lower back function while working around the spinal cord and nerves has always been at… Read more »