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Minimally Invasive Surgery

Why do I Need Spinal Fusion Surgery?

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD, MBA, FAAOS, CPE When I have a discussion with patients about potential spinal surgery, they often ask “how extensive will the surgery be and how much of my spine will be affected by the procedure?”  Generally,

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Kyphosis FAQs

Mark W. McFarland, DO Doesn’t everyone have curves in their spine? Absolutely.  A normal spine has several shallow alternating curves, which helps it to balance the weight of the head, and evenly distribute the weight of the body in alignment from

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Vascular vs. Neurogenic Claudication

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD, CPE (Originally published in Hampton Roads Physicians’ Magazine) When muscles don’t get enough blood flow due to obstructed arteries, cramping pain can result simply from walking or using one’s arms. Vascular claudication (VC) is a condition typically caused by

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Transverse Process Fracture of the Spine

Jeffrey R. Carlson, MD, CPE Most of you are familiar enough with human anatomy to know that the spine has bones called vertebrae that are stacked upon one another, sandwiched between vertebral discs that help us walk upright, bear our

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Five Bad Habits That Exacerbate Knee Pain

Robert J. Snyder, MD As an Orthopaedic physician, I spend my days looking at, diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal issues, and believe me, I have seen and taken care of more knees than I can count. Let's discuss the bad habits

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