Pelvic disorders and injuries aren’t as common as a hip or knee injury, but can be seriously detrimental to a patient’s well being. The pelvis is made up of three bones, two of which connect at the front of the pelvic girdle at a point known as the pubic symphysis. The pubic symphysis is made up of cartilage, which helps to absorb strong forces between the two bones that connect at the front of the pelvis. When the muscles surrounding the public symphysis contract, a pulling force can be exerted on the area. When these muscles are overused, damage and inflammation may occur in the pubic symphysis in a condition called osteitis pubis.
What causes Osteitis Pubis?
Osteitis pubis usually occurs from repetitively doing a physical activity or activities that place heavy strain on the pelvic area. Runners who go long distances and athletes who play sports that involve changing directions at a quick, sharp angle are likely to develop this condition. Doing repetitive abdominal exercises can also cause pain in the pubic symphysis.
What are the risk factors?
• Poor posture
• Muscle weakness
• Rapid increase in exercise intensity
• Exercising on hard surfaces
• Flat feet
• Wearing inappropriate shoes when exercising
• Tight muscles in the hip, groin, and buttocks
What are the symptoms?
Typically the groin pain will develop over time, and can be either sharp or dull. Pain can be experienced on either side of the groin, as well as around the hips and abdominals. In some cases patients may only feel pain following physical activity. If severe and untreated, the condition may cause a patient to limp because of the severity of the pain.
How will it be diagnosed?
After a physical examination, x-rays and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scans can be done to accurately diagnose the cause of the groin pain and view the severity of the condition.
What are the treatment options?
Treatment of osteitis pubis is very dependent on the patient’s ability to be patient and follow the treatment plan closely. Rest is vital in alleviating pelvic pain, and all activities that cause pain should be stopped until all pain subsides. Activities that place heavy stress on the groin, such as running, sports that involve kicking, and abdominal exercises should be minimized as well. By giving the body a break, this will allow the tissues to heal without interruption. If there are activities that do not cause pain or stress on the pelvis, they may be continued with caution. Applying ice, to the area several times during the day, and pain medications (NSAIDS) can reduce pain and inflammation of the affected area. A physical therapy program can help strengthen the abdominal and pelvic area to prevent future injury. Returning to physical activity and sports should be done very gradually and patients should make sure to not jump into physical activity their body is not prepared for.
How do I prevent it?
• Wear appropriate footwear when exercising. This will keep the hips stable and support them during physical activity.
• Warm up before exercising. This will prepare the muscles and joints of the body for activity.
• Strengthen the muscles around the pelvis. Abdominal and flexibility exercises are helpful in keeping this area in good condition.
• Drink water during and after exercise. This can prevent the muscles from cramping.